Bean to book

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Wisdom, encased in her arms, inspires us. That's why we offer you a selection - Interesting facts about the books. User page Kirill Akolzin - Amazing facts about books. (Books, Read, Reading, Amazing Facts, Interesting. Offer you some interesting facts about famous books and ... 30 minutes a day that can change lives

How to learn to write books

Six months ago there was published the article which I was outraged. In the comments I promised I would write his version. On the other hand I didn't want to do that, it would logical questions: "do you actually who is this?". I don't like to subscribe in Internet posts, I have spoiled the view of many writers after reading their blog. Read the book, thinking, "Cool dude!", read the blog post, an opinion is changing, "What an asshole?". This difference arises from the fact that the book is one of post-processing, edited many times.
This article was reprinted several times, in this version, I think that it turned out to be the most balanced. The article is quite suitable for habrahabr, as from the people of the technical direction was many famous works. And some of you will want to write my story.

The article is rather a collection of useful tips, than the complete guide to action.

Two types of readers

You wrote a short story and want to show it to the public. It is very important to know about the two types of readers. (These types lot, but relatively speaking - two). Reading their comments, you should understand what type you hit. Continue reading

Expensive books – luxury source of knowledge!

Despite the fact that in our time the basic information we get from the media (Internet, TV), a regular book that act as "paper", not hand over the positions. But to attract potential readers publishing houses, and have here, keep in pace with time.
Because now is not the beginning of the 20th century, and nondescript gray book is hardly interested. Shelves filled with books with screaming names and lurid images of couples and killers with Beretta in his hands. Except as "disposable" such literature will not name, in the best case, you can give read a book other, and at worst... you know.
And how to be true connoisseurs of books, willing itself to have in your personal library, solidly made and decorated the book and make a valuable gift for your relatives? After all, the saying "the Book is the best gift" nobody has yet cancelled.
But this is supposed to be a BOOK, not just bound leaflets with text and images.
Some publishing houses of Moscow, specializing in the production of exclusive and unique books, took the title of a book publishing and real delight avid book readers their "works of art". Otherwise, these books and you will not name, because the production of books, he put his hands in addition to traditional binders and artists, more and jewelers. Continue reading

Restoration of book pages

Worldwide, there are hundreds of billions or even trillions of books of various genres, directions and series. This can be classics, detectives, science fiction and fantasy. However, the conversation was going on what to do if over time the book pages are worn, yellow and destroyed over time.
Initially it is necessary to evaluate the book leaves, for it is not in a hurry you should review each individual page, note there oily and stubborn stains, color of the page, because quite often it happens that page, turn yellow under the influence of direct solar beams. If the page have the ink spots, print it by twenty percent hydrogen peroxide, but for the beginning it is necessary to put under the page absorbing material, such as blotter paper, and only then gently apply a peroxide. Top portrait sheet processed hydrogen peroxide, also laid blotting paper, then close the book and put it additional weight. It is also worth noting that in this way you can display the spot only in those places where there is no text because hydrogen peroxide tends to dissolve and typographic typefaces, so be careful.

Rather acute problem of removing rust stains on the book leaves. So it turns out that if the book was in a damp location, close to metal objects. The problem of this kind can be solved if gently wet rust sulfur alkali small concentrations, and after processing oxalic or formic acid. Continue reading

The first script (cuneiform)

The need for written language appeared as soon as people realized the importance of information transfer on distance and time. At first he tried to convey my thoughts with pictures, have some sort of sign a letter that called pictography (pictus - written with inks, graph - write). But to interpret the drawings clearly different people is impossible.

A well known case when the Persian king Darius, having received a "letter" from Scythians (bird, a mouse, a frog and 5 arrows) considered that the Scythians submit to him, while his military Gobryas "read" message "is exactly the opposite".

Needed a system of marks, adopted by all or a large group of people. Evidence of this conditional writing back to the second half of the fourth Millennium B.C. It was a Sumerian writing, borrowed later other peoples of Mesopotamia. The signs were squeezed out of clay tablets stick with rectangular base. The corners of the rectangle left wedge-shaped deepenings.

The heyday of cuneiform literature fall reign of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (VII century BC). It was the fearsome conqueror, but at the same time educated man of his time, an avid book lover and collector. Continue reading

Collecting old books and manuscripts

Now collecting ancient manuscripts and books is experiencing a revival. This type of collecting is one of the most expensive kinds of antique collectors, which testifies to the wealth of the owner.
Despite the fact that trading in old books was common in the middle ages, but the beginning of a professional collectibles antiquarian book is considered to be the middle of the seventeenth century, when Germany began its activities in a large book fair, which was exhibited antique rare books. As for Russia, it is the first known collector of books is the Imperial family Ferapontov.
It should be noted that to the book are collecting and sheet edition. These are different kinds of calendars, posters, menus, posters and the like, here it is possible to include Special Map of European Russia. Since the beginning of the nineteenth century in Russia is gaining great popularity prints, executed in the style of etching. The peculiarity of these reproductions is distinct from the primary material used in the manufacture of creativity, make corrections in the primary material. This factor provides these things a certain historical value. Since the late nineteenth century is very common become illustrative cards, also be the subject of collecting. In that time they have become very popular and, respectively, were produced in large quantities. Rates on these cards were not very large. Continue reading