Worldwide, there are hundreds of billions or even trillions of books of various genres, directions and series. This can be classics, detectives, science fiction and fantasy. However, the conversation was going on what to do if over time the book pages are worn, yellow and destroyed over time.
Initially it is necessary to evaluate the book leaves, for it is not in a hurry you should review each individual page, note there oily and stubborn stains, color of the page, because quite often it happens that page, turn yellow under the influence of direct solar beams. If the page have the ink spots, print it by twenty percent hydrogen peroxide, but for the beginning it is necessary to put under the page absorbing material, such as blotter paper, and only then gently apply a peroxide. Top portrait sheet processed hydrogen peroxide, also laid blotting paper, then close the book and put it additional weight. It is also worth noting that in this way you can display the spot only in those places where there is no text because hydrogen peroxide tends to dissolve and typographic typefaces, so be careful.
Rather acute problem of removing rust stains on the book leaves. So it turns out that if the book was in a damp location, close to metal objects. The problem of this kind can be solved if gently wet rust sulfur alkali small concentrations, and after processing oxalic or formic acid. Continue reading
Old books to order
Antique book as a gift, has unique qualities, especially elevating it among other expensive offerings:
– The uniqueness of each individual instance. It is often difficult to find a similar publication or buy it elsewhere. You never get into a situation where someone will give the same or such a book has already been granted. Given that for each book we are preparing a design according to Your wishes and especially for the future owner, the likelihood of confusion gift minimized.
– We all know the situation of having to wrestle with what to give. It is especially hard when not an option simply to walk into a store and buy something. In this case, the book helps like nothing else. We’ll give You several options, focusing on Hobbies future owner, his professional activities, education, or place of birth. Agree, an avid hunter nice to get a rare book about guns, native of St. Petersburg – a book about my native city, the financier – a book about the history of money from the 18th century. And anyone will be happy to become an owner of a beautiful antique editions immortal classics. The book, due to its diversity, become universal and a welcome gift.
– A gift for all seasons. The book is not quickly broken as the portfolio will not break as a phone, not out of fashion as a scarf, not to end up as toilet water. Giving expensive antique book, we have for decades to leave a memory of himself, in a conspicuous place on the bookshelf. About You will be remembered each time opening this book, showing friends, reading, or just passing shelves. Continue reading
Well, is it possible to imagine the modern world without books? Professional books, children’s books, novels, encyclopedias, tales…. so many of Them, they are all so different, they are so interesting. Our article is about the great books of the world, too curious, so we read and wonder.
What book can safely is the smallest in the world? This is to all of us familiar with the book of Anton Chekhov “Chameleon”, the size of which comprise only 0.9 x 0,9 mm 30 tiny pages with 11 lines of text on each and even 3 color pictures. Imprinted and made the cover of this miracle in 1996 Aigarino.
The title of the thickest among printed books, you can assign the book Internet – WIKIPEDIA. What it is? This is actually a collection of articles from the world wide web, which were printed as one large volume lover of books Rob Matthews. As a result 5000 pages of printed text.
But in Italy Rio Coselli was keen to be a very interesting lesson – he gathers a collection of the most boring books in the world. Today, the collection has grown to 10,000 volumes. True to his passion associated funny moments. So, say, one Italian writer, a pretty bad by the way, after the news that all of his manuscripts were in the famous collection, nearly committed suicide. Continue reading
Coffee news continue to spin around the theme of elephants in coffee production. And for me the best news is that the first snow, beautiful, winter days. After walking really want to warm Cup of drink.
I close my eyes on information from psychologists, University of Durban city that coffee lovers are more prone to hallucinations than those who exactly breathe to this magic drink. But there is “no”, it refers to people, drinking more than 7 cups of coffee a day. They are subject to the vision of a non-existent in reality things, hearing voices, and the feeling of swimming over his body.
Why not to overplay the results in its favour, and hallucinations replace fantasies, and best of all – dreams. And for inspiration, I’d like to recommend a book by max Frei “Coffee book”. Sure to give it to the New year. So many intriguing reviews and quotes I read that you want to share some of them. For example, the description of different types of coffee: Continue reading
The next place, where he also began to use papyrus for records and creation of ancient books, steel ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. It is believed that the writing, and the papyrus as the prototype of the future of paper, about X or IX century BC in Greece brought the Phoenicians. This fact Herodotus writes galikarnassky (484-425, BC), the Greek historian, author of the first comprehensive historical treatise – “History”. The writings of Herodotus was of great importance for ancient culture, Cicero generally called him the “father of history”. To the Phoenicians, the Greeks and the Romans used for records of tree bark and other materials. Herodotus said that the Greek term for papyrus as material for records was “Biblion”, and for the book – “Byblos”, which comes from the name of the Phoenician port town Byblos, through which papyrus was exported from Egypt to Greece.
Before Greece got papyrus, there was used a variety of materials for writing. The most common and cheap was a piece of crock – ostracon. On ostrakons were mostly economic record, as, for example, Greek literary texts found on them only occasionally. Used for writing the Greeks and palm leaves.
Pliny mentions among other writing materials, common at that time in Greece, “plumbea volumina” – lead rolls. And on the island of Rhodes archaeologists had found such a roll. Thickness of the lead sheet was only a third of a millimeter, so he folded easily enough. The lead was recorded prayers and incantations, is lowered into the grave with the dead person. The longest known texts written in the lead – epic poem Hesiod “Works and days”. As on palm leaf, and the lead, the letters drew a sharp metal instrument, occasionally eating and ink. Continue reading
Every collector once think of what, for example, the most expensive coin or the rare brand. In his collection of the most valuable and how he would like to expand? But the rating of the most valuable folios already decided. It includes seven publications three manuscripts.
The absolute champion in value is considered to be a manuscript by Leonardo da Vinci Leicester code”. At Christie’s auction in 1994 for the folio was paid for 30.8 million dollars. Experts say that in the coming years the price barrier is unlikely to be someone overcome.
But in December of this year can be set to record the cost of the printed book. Auction house Sotheby’s is going to put on the auction and complete copy of the first edition of the book “Birds of America” by John James Audubon, American painter-animalist, ornithologist and naturalist. By the way, in the world there are only 119 copies, and 108 of them are in the national museums, and 11 are for private collectors. The sale of this book will surely make a sensation among the experts. The price of this publication, which will participate in the auction on December 7, is estimated at about nine million dollars.
That “Birds of America” – is a unique publication, no doubt. It was first published in 1827-1838. And during this time the book was printed only 200 copies. This is due to its giant dimensions – each page has a height 127 see a Full copy of the book consists of 435 prints prints, painted by hand. The size of each engravings depicting birds in natural size – 90 60 see Continue reading
Date of the earliest writing and the date of the most ancient, remaining in our time, books are different dates and in two different areas of research. In Ancient Egypt to record from the times of the First Dynasty (3000-2853 years BC) was used papyrus – paper made from the stems of the same name of reeds that grew on the marshy banks of the Nile (modern English the word “paper”, denoting the paper, it was derived from the words “papyrus”). Of course, ancient books of that era were not preserved till our days.
The most ancient books of the Veda
The most ancient books found on Earth are the books of the third king of the Fifth Dynasty Neferirkare Kakai. These hieratic papyrus dated to about 2400 B.C. and were found in Abusive (Royal necropolis near the ancient Memphis, a few kilometers North of the necropolis of Saqqara, in Abusive survived 14 step pyramids V dynasty) in a doleful temple of Tsar Neferirkare Kakai. In 1950 the papyri were acquired by the British Museum from a private collector and currently kept in the British Museum in London under the registration number 1950,0209.1.9 (big number 10735.9) in the Department of Ancient Egypt and Sudan.
Interestingly, many Greek authors managed to write their ancient books long before pismennosti surprisingly, the most ancient Greek book was found there, in Abusive. It happened on the excavations in 1902 at the cemetery, beside the mummies of deceased Greek, was found in the form of a scroll fragment of a poem Timotheus “Persians”. The document is dated to approximately 450-360 year BC and composed in Greek. In addition, this ancient book is a papyrus in the form of a scroll, while the accounting books of Kukai was conducted on papyrus sheet. Continue reading