Now collecting ancient manuscripts and books is experiencing a revival. This type of collecting is one of the most expensive kinds of antique collectors, which testifies to the wealth of the owner.
Despite the fact that trading in old books was common in the middle ages, but the beginning of a professional collectibles antiquarian book is considered to be the middle of the seventeenth century, when Germany began its activities in a large book fair, which was exhibited antique rare books. As for Russia, it is the first known collector of books is the Imperial family Ferapontov.
It should be noted that to the book are collecting and sheet edition. These are different kinds of calendars, posters, menus, posters and the like, here it is possible to include Special Map of European Russia. Since the beginning of the nineteenth century in Russia is gaining great popularity prints, executed in the style of etching. The peculiarity of these reproductions is distinct from the primary material used in the manufacture of creativity, make corrections in the primary material. This factor provides these things a certain historical value. Since the late nineteenth century is very common become illustrative cards, also be the subject of collecting. In that time they have become very popular and, respectively, were produced in large quantities. Rates on these cards were not very large. Continue reading
Old books to order
Antique book as a gift, has unique qualities, especially elevating it among other expensive offerings:
– The uniqueness of each individual instance. It is often difficult to find a similar publication or buy it elsewhere. You never get into a situation where someone will give the same or such a book has already been granted. Given that for each book we are preparing a design according to Your wishes and especially for the future owner, the likelihood of confusion gift minimized.
– We all know the situation of having to wrestle with what to give. It is especially hard when not an option simply to walk into a store and buy something. In this case, the book helps like nothing else. We’ll give You several options, focusing on Hobbies future owner, his professional activities, education, or place of birth. Agree, an avid hunter nice to get a rare book about guns, native of St. Petersburg – a book about my native city, the financier – a book about the history of money from the 18th century. And anyone will be happy to become an owner of a beautiful antique editions immortal classics. The book, due to its diversity, become universal and a welcome gift.
– A gift for all seasons. The book is not quickly broken as the portfolio will not break as a phone, not out of fashion as a scarf, not to end up as toilet water. Giving expensive antique book, we have for decades to leave a memory of himself, in a conspicuous place on the bookshelf. About You will be remembered each time opening this book, showing friends, reading, or just passing shelves. Continue reading
Before it appeared in Ancient Rome, papyrus, local residents like the Greeks used for writing palm leaves, but more often – lime bast. Actually, one of the values of the Latin word “liber” (book) just means “lub”.
In General it should be noted that in the era of the Roman Republic and the early Roman Empire, the Latin writing system has been rapidly developing. Came into use new writing materials, mainly papyrus. Along with direct, quadrangular capital font, suitable for cutting down on stone or other solid object, Rome (as well as, by the way, and Greece), a new font is rounded, more flexible and elegant, the so-called “uncial”and italics – “cursive”.
Roman ancient book was in the form of a scroll, screw on a stick with thickened ends; on the upper end was attached to the tab with the designation of the title, which peeped out from a leather case (an analogue of modern binding). To carry these scrolls were placed in a round basket. In libraries such books in the scrolls were not put, and laid on the shelf so that the labels were in view. He wrote on one side, or a single vertical column, the length of which was equal to the length of the scroll or next of many parallel columns.
Roman bookstores, a seller of ancient books, served as the meeting place of writers, scholars and lovers of literature. When these stores were available rooms for reading and even reading rooms, where for a small fee you can view the new or compare your copy of the famous works so that was fixed grammatical kept for this purpose in the store and copy the hall. Roman books were relatively cheap, as the production of own papyrus, replacing imports from Egypt, to that possessed. In addition to ordinary cheap instances, met ancient books – the wonders of calligraphy, sumptuously illustrated instances and even miniature book (Cicero allegedly met instance of “Iliad” by Homer, who could fit in the walnut shells). Continue reading
The next place, where he also began to use papyrus for records and creation of ancient books, steel ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. It is believed that the writing, and the papyrus as the prototype of the future of paper, about X or IX century BC in Greece brought the Phoenicians. This fact Herodotus writes galikarnassky (484-425, BC), the Greek historian, author of the first comprehensive historical treatise – “History”. The writings of Herodotus was of great importance for ancient culture, Cicero generally called him the “father of history”. To the Phoenicians, the Greeks and the Romans used for records of tree bark and other materials. Herodotus said that the Greek term for papyrus as material for records was “Biblion”, and for the book – “Byblos”, which comes from the name of the Phoenician port town Byblos, through which papyrus was exported from Egypt to Greece.
Before Greece got papyrus, there was used a variety of materials for writing. The most common and cheap was a piece of crock – ostracon. On ostrakons were mostly economic record, as, for example, Greek literary texts found on them only occasionally. Used for writing the Greeks and palm leaves.
Pliny mentions among other writing materials, common at that time in Greece, “plumbea volumina” – lead rolls. And on the island of Rhodes archaeologists had found such a roll. Thickness of the lead sheet was only a third of a millimeter, so he folded easily enough. The lead was recorded prayers and incantations, is lowered into the grave with the dead person. The longest known texts written in the lead – epic poem Hesiod “Works and days”. As on palm leaf, and the lead, the letters drew a sharp metal instrument, occasionally eating and ink. Continue reading